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Environmental Engineering Examination Committee Chairperson: Professor Manuel Rsexe Pinheiro for proposing a theme that has still a lot to be explored and still represents a challenge and an unanswered question in the studies on sustainable construction.
Beside the real estate companies that answered the online-survey, I would also like to thank to all the architects and engineers that received me in their workplace in order to clarify all my questions, namely Eng.
Moreover, there are still the professionals that helped me by providing important information either bytelephone contact or personally through meetings: Santos Carvalho for identifying specific costs on buildings based on real projects, Eng. Additionally, I would like to leave a note to Prof.
This goal was translated itself in the following objectives: The final analysis showed 14 measures that can be taken to improve the building performance in Among the several construction scenarios studied, one can enumerate: Introduction Framework and scope Goals and objectives Methodology Thesis structure Sustainable and mnual cost real estate development Historical and political context European legal framework and groups of research Economic viability studies on sustainable and low cost real estate development International real estate environmental assessment rsecw Real estate development in Portugal Industry description Journey to sustainability: Progress through legislation Perspective on sustainability: Survey results Introduction Sampling methodology Summary of the results Case Study Net 17 in Alta de Lisboa Net 17 inserted in alicao urban context Alta de Lisboa Net 17 description project layouts Net 17 baseline worst case scenario Methodology details for the improvement of Net Method choice for the economic viability analysis of the proposals and environmental criteria prioritization Financial projections Temporal horizon Discount rate Restraints Construction scenarios Outdoor space: Pavements Interior garden Bioclimatic architecture and building design Building envelope: Building design Rsecf envelope: Roof scenarios Constructive considerations: Collection of institutional logos of NPOs that promote green-building Figure 6: Confidence indicator from the building industry in Portugal from to extreme answers balance; monthly INE, Figure 8: Main barriers to sustainability in each phase of the real estate development supply chain Figure Alta de Lisboa overview in Google Figure Ceramic tiles floor Figure Portuguese pavement floor Figure Grass garden scenario Figure Urban orchards scenario Figure Construction investment and operational costs and benefits from each of the pavement scenarios Figure Actualized apliicao and benefits from each one of the pavements scenario manuual 34 years Figure Scheme of the structural layers of a green roof system Figure Picture of a flood in Lisbon, covered by the news in Expresso Figure Water matrix in Lisbon Lisboa e-nova, Figure Dual-flush toilet Figure Rseece water source from teh rain accumulated volume in the m 2 roof of Net 17 Figure Scheme of the assembly of the rainwater harvesting and distribution system Figure Example of filter material used rssce VFBs for municipal rseve treatment in Brazil: Relation aplica a wind turbine height and the potential power generation due to wind velocity energy saving trust, Figure Small wind turbine system assembly scheme Figure Example of the evolution of the power output with the wind speed in a 0.
Cumulative impact of the measures applied to Net 17 in red are indicated the ones that aren t suggested at the end Figure Net 17 budget evolution with the simulation of the several construction scenarios Figure Contribution of each measure to improve the performance of Net Figure Relative weight of each of the six LiderA s dimensions for the overall performance Figure Summarised Data Report Which are the activities that the company cumulates?
Which are its main guidelines? Summarised Data Report Which of the following measures does the company usually implement in its building projects?
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Summarised Data Report Classify the value given to more green companies when subcontracting, in a scale from 1 to Figure Summarized Data Report How does the company study its clients needs? Summarized Data Report In your point of view, do clients dsece interest in the sustainable facet of their future homes when deciding purchasing it? Summarized Data Report Which are the main barriers against the introduction of sustainable technologies in the projects? Summarized data report What does the company idealize a sustainable building to be?
Scheme of the garage layout at -2 floor with a capacity of parking spaces, 3 for disabled people no scale SGAL, Figure Scheme of the garage layout at -1 level with a capacity of parking spaces, 3 for disabled people no scale SGAL, Figure Scheme of the first floor layout with a capacity for 4 stores and 2 technical areas no scale SGAL, Figure Scheme of the second floor layout with a capacity for 4 business offices no scale SGAL, Figure Scheme of the odd floors layouts: Scheme of the pair floors layouts: T2 and T3 layout: Nocturnal urban heat island.
Normalised temperatures referring to light north wind nights Baltazar, Figure Primary energy consumotion matrix for the residential building in Lisbon Lisboa e-nova, Figure Relative importance given by PUAL to each of the LiderA performance layers according to a rating from 1 to 5 being the 5 the highest classification Figure Approximation of the outdoor space to a rectangle with the equivalent area m 2 Figure Third construction scenario double Wall with insulation by the interior and ventilated left and an example of application of stone wool as an insulator material right CYPE Ingenieros, S.
Fourth construction scenario inclusion of a glass wall Figure Francesca Stazi, April Figure Energy savings based on the size of the trombe wall Omidreza Saadatiann, Figure Hereda helix; Lonicera japonica; Parthenocissus quinquefolia; Clematis sp.
Reference source not found. Labels of hydric efficiency Afonso, Figure Distribution of the energy consumption inside a dwelling, by use and type of energy EC, Figure Importance of rugosity and air flow turbulence in the choice of the place for the implementation of wind turbines Greenspec, Figure Optimization problem for the implementation of photovoltaic panels in Net 17 max efficiency and lower system costs by changing the system power Figure Optimization problem for the implementation of photovoltaic panels in Net 17 max efficiency and lower system costs by changing the number of panels installed List of Tables Table 1: Different environmental assessment tools and certification systems Yudelson, ; Burnett, ; BRE, n.
Construction materials made or exported to Portugal with Eco mannual J. Silvestre, Table 3: Water needs per m 2 of grass in terms of volume and respective cost Table 8: Management of the area available for orchards [m 2 ] Table Estimation of the land production capacity for Alta de Lisboa urban orchards Table Estimated construction, residues and maintenance costs for the urban orchards scenario Table Cost structure of the rsefe garden assuming a grass floor with 6 Platanus Table Average market prices and sizes for some of the bush and tree species that would be a good choice dr the interior garden values obtained through the contact in Horto do Campo Grande, referring to their supplier Barnaplant Spain Table LiderA criteria affected by the improvement of the outside space of Net 17 through allicao improvement of the interior garden where is is the improved scenario and wcs the worst-case scenario Table Normalized compared with the NO case annual saving in heating and cooling energy consumption and estimated payback periods Asan, Table Calculated and estimated energy performance of each time of Wall relative to the reference scenario: Engineering suggestions in order to avoid the occurance of thermal bridges Table LiderA criteria affected by the improvement of Net kanual building envelope through the introduction of balconies and cross-ventilation, considering the accumulation with the previous measures of improvement in the building envelope and outside area where is is the improved scenario and wcs the worst-case scenario Table Coefficient mabual heat transfer proposed for green roofs in the literature Barrio, ; Sailor, Table Green roofs installation costs according to the literature and international associations Table Relative green roof increamental cost in relation to three different traditional roof scenarios, using as the reference values the ones proposed by the American Society of Landscape Architects and CYPE Ingenieros, S.
Summary of the values iddentified in the literature regarding empirical evidence on energy savings on buildings due to the implementation of extensive green roof systems Table Potential water savings with the introduction of flow regulator valves in bathrooms and kitchens taps ix. LiderA criteria affected by the improvement of Net 17 water management through the introduction of bathroom water flow regulators, considering the accumulation with the previous improvement measures where is is the improved scenario and wcs the worst-case scenario Table 33a: Potential water savings with the introduction of single-control mixer taps in bathrooms and kitchens.
LiderA criteria affected by the improvement of Net 17 water management through the introduction of efficient taps in kitchens and bathroms, excluding showers, considering the accumulation with the previous improvement measures where is is the improved scenario and wcs the worst-case scenario Table Potential water savings with the introduction of dual-flush toilets Table LiderA criteria affected by the improvement of Net 17 water management by the introduction of efficient dual-flush toilets consuming 3l and 6l per flushconsidering the accumulation with the previous improvement measures where is is the improved scenario and wcs the worst-case scenario Table Proposed measures and potential savings for Net 17 regarding water consumption Table Excert of the spreadsheet used for simulating the water kept and used in the reservoir coming from the precipitation in Lisbon, hourly basis Table Water savings, corresponding to the water used from the reservoir, and fresh water volume for irrigation of the urban orchards and the interior garden of Net Table Incremental cash-flow analysis for the implementation of a reservoir for rainwater harvesting Table Analysis that should be made to the water periodically in order to check if it is proper for irrigation Plinio Tomaz, n.