This page report, classified Secret, was drafted in July as a comprehensive guide for training interrogators in the art of obtaining. during the opening or reconnaissance phases of the interrogation. KUBARK Manual: A User’s Guide to Torture? – The KUBARK manual was written by the CIA in the s as a means of standardizing interrogation techniques.

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Human beings communicate a great deal by non-verbal means. The number of interrogators used for a single interrogation case varies from one man to a large team. If on the other hand the interrogator establishes rapport, the subject may withhold because of other reasons, but his resistance often lacks the bitter, last-ditch intensity that results if the contest becomes personalized.

Click here to go to the current weekly digest or pick another article:. General Remarks B. The witness claims that the interrogatee is only incidentally a courier, that actually he is the head of an RIS kidnapping gang.

While the excerpts released by the Pentagon are a useful and not misleading selection of the most egregious passages, the ones most clearly advocating torture, execution and blackmail, they do not provide adequate insight into the manuals’ highly objectionable framework.

KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation – Wikisource, the free online library

Even worse, a “dash-on-regardless” approach can ruin the prospects counterijtelligence success even if sound methods are used later. It may be literally a matter of seconds, or it may be a drawn-out, up-hill battle.

Pressure tactics or hostility will make them retreat inside themselves, whereas reassurance will bring them out.

Debriefing questions should usually be couched to provoke a positive answer and should be specific. As detailed questioning proceeds, addition biographic data will be revealed. But two cautions are in order. Nor will we tolerate attempts to deliberately disrupt discussions.


The suggested procedure for arriving at a preliminary assessment of walk-ins remains the same [approx. The Reconnaissance 3. Termination for any reason other than the first is only temporary.

But the successful establishment of rapport will tend to eliminate innocent blocks, or at least to keep them to a minimum. Making a person feel more and more guilty normally increases both his anxiety and his urge to cooperate as a means of escape. B then reads or hears A’s “confession. He grows abusive, reaches a counterintellkgence, and then says, “Well, that’s better.

Or he may project himself to the resistant interrogatee as powerful and ominous in order to eradicate resistance and create the necessary conditions for rapport while remaining wholly uncommitted at the deeper level, noting the significance of the subjects reactions and the effectiveness of his own performance.

The interrogator begins routine questioning of A, speaking rather softly and inducing A to follow suit. If these two steps have been taken, it becomes very important to clinch the counterontelligence tractability by means of conversion.

He has stated the fact, there is nothing to qualify. This self-monitoring is more intense if the person is talking to a stranger and especially intense if he is answering the stranger’s questions. He will be offended and may become wholly uncooperative if faced with kubagk demands for the naked what.

It is a protective defense mechanism. The person who avoids success has a conscience which forbids the pleasures of accomplishment and recognition.

And a principal source of aid today is scientific findings. Adopting the tone of an understanding father or big brother is likely to make the subject responsive. Acquaintances often feel that his success is just around the corner, but something always intervenes. He is likely to be voluble. Some interrogatees will take this change personally and tend to personalize the conflict.

U.S. Army and CIA interrogation manuals

After this investigation, the Department of Defense discontinued the use of the manuals, directed their recovery to the extent practicable, and destroyed the copies in the field.


School of Americas training manual titles [1]. He often carries around shiny coins, keepsakes, a interrogatioj of keys, and other objects having for himself an actual or symbolic value.

He now begins to probe these areas. Intergogation opening remarks by subjects as, “I know what you so-and-so’s are after, and I can tell you right now that you’re not going to get it from me” are best handled by an unperturbed “Why don’t you tell me what has made you angry?

Both manuals deal exclusively with interrogation. The last section, on do’s and dont’s, kubarrk a return to the broader view of the opening majual as a check-list, it is placed last solely for convenience.

During the opening phase the interrogator has gone along with this protective mechanism. It is not claimed that the classification system presented here is complete; some interrogatees will not fit into any one of the groupings. Perhaps the four qualifications of chief importance to the interrogator are 1 enough manuxl training and experience to permit quack recognition of leads; 2 real familiarity with the language to be used; 3 extensive background knowledge about the interrogatee’s native country and intelligence service, if employed by one ; and 4 a genuine understanding of the source as a person.

For example, the question “Do you know anything about Plant X? The interrogator’s goal is to obtain useful information — facts about which the interrogatee presumably have acquired ckunterintelligence.

Another preliminary comment about the interrogator is that normally he should not personalize. As an interrogatee the schizoid character is likely to lie readily to win approval.