Foundations of Christianity is a book by Marxist theoretician Karl Kautsky. In it, he attempts to explain the origins of Christianity, and claims that it can best. Religion is not the motor-force of history but great social changes are expressed in changes in religion. In his book Ludwig Feuerbach and the. Foundations of Christianity. Karl Kautsky. Halaman 2. Content. Author’s Foreword . Book One: The Person Of Jesus. I. The Pagan Sources. II. The Christian.

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Foundations Of Christianity

Retrieved from ” https: It is a very sweeping look at the life and times of first century Roman society, with a particular focus on the Jewish origins of Christianity.

The next dozen chapters are then taken up with a materialist description of the ancient Roman society from which early Christianity sprang. Remember that this is the same mob that only yesterday hailed him as a king with kautskg of hosanna, spread garments christianit his steps and greeted him jubilantly, without the slightest contradicting voice.

Refresh and try again. The edition current in print was published by Resistance in and contains a preface by Michael Lowy. It was the petty artisans and shopkeepers as well as the proletarians of Jerusalem who became the heroes of their nation, together with the proletarianized peasants of Galilee who had cut their way through to Jerusalem.

But since there was now pf provincial center of resistance to Rome as Judea had beenand since the particularly rebellious Jewish Christianity disappeared, Fojndations became ever more submissive, even servile, towards the Romans.

Kautsky: Foundations of Christianity ()

In fact, the gospels give us not the biography of the historical Jesus or his actual teachings but the views about him that were held by the Christian communities of the time that they were written many decades after his death, at the earliestand represent the disagreements and polemics between them.

There are no discussion topics on this book yet. With respect to the Roman history, he is certainly on the right track in seeing the decline of the Empire essentially as the result of internal economic causes, with the barbarian invasions and so forth as a result of the decline rather than its cause; some details might need to be revised, and of course he wasn’t aware of the climatic changes we know about now, but I found this part very informative.

Visit our Beautiful Books page and find lovely books for kids, photography lovers and more. Of course, the book is somewhat over a hundred years old, and many of the specific “facts” he is trying to explain simply weren’t the case; but overall he gives a good, clear explanation of the environment in which Christianity developed. Somehow, with no motive at all, people were manipulated into violently hating the man they had practically worshiped the day before.


Next, Kautsky analyses the structure of Roman society, with particular emphasis on the slave-holding system, the Roman State and the historiography of the period. May 31, Jack rated it really liked it.

But Kautsky has a very different comparison in mind; his last section is devoted to kautsly comparison of early Christianity to the social-democratic movement he was so personally involved with. The problem is, he then Ch. Roman Society in the Imperial Period 1. Raed rated it it foundaitons amazing Aug 09, I recently re-read this classic work by Kautsky after I had developed an interest in the historicity of Jesus.

His friend, and later his opponent, Rosa Luxemburg, in an article of called “The Church and Socialism insisted that the first Christian apostles were Communists who denounced injustice and the cult of the Golden Calf”.

Jesus had been founndations probably because he had tried to foment violent rebellion against Rome; that is, the fault lay with kauts,y Romans, not the Jews. Chhristianity and Socialism; Index show more. Its popular success is probably due to the interest of socialist militants to see a vision of the origins of Christianity which permits the modern workers’ movement to appropriate to itself the figure of Jesus as a prophet and martyr for the proletarian cause.

Kautsky’s work, on the other hand, begins from the social, economic and historical conditions of the kautsy place and time that Christianity originated and developed in, showing why and in what social classes it arose and spread and why it found such a successful reception.

Then he combines the two strands to give a materialist description of the history of Judea from the return kaitsky the destruction of Jerusalem, and christuanity class relations represented by the four major parties or groupings at the time of Jesus, the Sadducees, Pharisees, Zealots and Essenes.

Other books in this series. For Pilate, though, the case was clear. There is an interesting passage, although much earlier in the book, where Kautsky contrasts the Gospel according to Luke with the Gospel according to Matthewshowing how the class content of the former is converted into a religious-only content in the latter the parable of Lazarus disappears completely, in the Sermon on the Mount “blessed are the poor”, “blessed are they that hunger” become “blessed are the kautsiy in spirit “, “blessed are they that hunger after rightousness “, and so forth.

Karl Kautsky is probably the first Marxist to interest himself both in the movement and the enigmatic personality of the crucified prophet. Christuanity attempts to give evidence for this from the Acts of the Apostles and the letters of “Paul” to various churches, as well as some early non-scriptural sources such as the Didache and the writings of what Catholics call the Apostolic Fathers most of which I have read, and his interpretation seems reasonable enough.


Myth of Japanese Uniqueness Peter N. It kautdky unheard of that an official of the emperor would ask the masses of the people what was to be done with the accused. Divided into four key foundatoons, the book begins by considering the personality of Jesus as portrayed within Pagan and Christian sources and highlighting the Church’s difficulty in presenting a unified and concurrent image of Jesus and interpretation of His words.

Kautwky a Critical Sociology Zygmunt Bauman. His book The Foundations of Christianity is a rather impressive attempt at a Marxist analysis. For many reasons there developed hostility between them, and the pagan Christians shed much of the Jewish background of Christianity.

Even the communism he sees in the early church he traces to the new cultural emphasis on taking care of widows and chhristianity, because Greco-Roman thought has shifted toward individualism, breaking down community ties I mean, what? Essentially, this last section tries to show that, although social-democracy was growing and developing a bureaucracy, this bureaucracy could not betray the workers, could not turn the movement into its opposite.

Be the first to ask a question about Foundations of Christianity. Return to Book Page. I won’t go over his arguments; he was proved wrong only six years later when the social-democratic leadership in nearly all countries led the proletariat into the bloodbath of World War I as followers of their “own” bourgeois governments. The first edition in English, published in by George Allen and Unwinfollowed the eleventh German version. The Best Books of Mathias rated it really liked it Oct 05, The Beginnings of Christianity 1.

His derision and harsh rhetoric are comic at times, but it comes across as very unbalanced. Preview — Foundations of Christianity by Karl Kautsky.

He counterposed a materialist account of the new religion against the Christian mythology and showed the capacity of kautksy Marxist method to give an account of a complex historical process, interpreting a religious phenomenon in terms of the class struggle. Want to Read Currently Reading Read.

A Study in Christian Origins The book is quite good. A Study in Christian Origins.

After this background, he turns to Christianity itself Ch.