Julien Offroy de La Mettrie, (born Dec. 25, , Saint-Malo, Fr.—died Nov. 11, , Berlin), French physician and philosopher whose. Julien Offray de La Mettrie, the French physician and philosopher, was born in Saint-Malo, Brittany. After attending the Collège d’Harcourt, he studied medicine . La Mettrie, Julien Offray De(b. Saint-Malo, France, 19 December ; d.

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Best general treatment of La Mettrie’s philosophy. On another and more original level, it claimed that all the mental faculties and processes in the human subject were products of the underlying bodily machine—more precisely, of its cerebral and neural components.

L’Homme plante appeared in Internet URLs are the best. A Study of the Origins of an Ideaespecially the introductory monograph. He married in but the marriage, which produced two children, proved an unhappy one. He did not believe in the existence of God. The French physician and philosopher Julien Offrayde La Mettrie is best known for his “Man a Machine,” an incisive and witty exposition of his theory of the dependence of mind on body. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Next Juliette Gordon Low. However, several additional features of his biography warrant mention. Frederick the Great gave the funeral oration, which remains the major biographical source on La Mettrie’s life.

Julien Offray de la Mettrie (1709-1751).

United Nations UNinternational organization established on October 24, Inhowever, he departed for Leiden to study under the famous Herman Boerhaave. Frederick II composed the eulogy that was read before the Berlin Academy. Toward the end ofhowever, he left abruptly for Paris and soon thereafter embarked on the adventurous and harried career that lasted until his death.


Verlag Jurgen Dinter, Back in Saint-Malo offraay a practicing physician, La Mettrie undertook to popularize Boerhaave’s teachings by translating into French a number of the latter’s metrie works. He received his degree in medicine at Rheims in and for the next 5 years practiced medicine in his native city. On the one hand, it served a polemical and propagandist aim against the religious enemies of La Mettrie’s philosophical position.

Atheism is also distinguished from agnosticism, which leaves open…. But this theological interest was short-lived, and in La Mettrie began 2 years of natural philosophy at the College of Harcourt.

Establishing a natural continuity from the external world through the sensory apparatus to the brain itself, La Mettrie identified the soul with a physically conditioned process in a way that allowed him to explain the various faculties of the soul, such as memory, reflection, imagination, the emotions, judgment, volition, solely in terms of their related organic causes. His strategy did not succeed very well, however, for the Aristotelianism on which he grafted his opinions served only to render them obscure and confused, yet apparently not quite obscure enough to prevent the authorities iffray recognizing and suppressing his “heretical” defense of materialism.

Related articles Paradox of hedonism Hedonic treadmill. The awareness of professional issues that La Mettrie gained as a medical student led him to lampoon the ignorance and venality of Parisian medical practitioners. By not reading his books, one can be very content.

Retrieved December 31, from Encyclopedia. There were two distinguishable meanings present in this overall conception, even though its author would no doubt have regarded them as inseparable.


La Mettrie extended the mechanistic aspects of the philosophy of Rene Descartesabandoning his dualism and rationalism. Julien Offray de La Mettrie December 25, — November 11, was a French physician and philosopherthe earliest of the materialist writers of the Enlightenment.

Edited by Ann Thomson. Although vilified by his religious contemporaries, La Mettrie had considerable influence on French intellectuals. In L’homme planteLa Mettrie’s purpose was to stress the various parallelisms of structure and function between two such seemingly disparate things as the human organism and vegetable life. Offrzy to ofvray provided by comparative anatomy, he held that the great contrasts in the capabilities of the various animal species, including man himself, must be owing to the specific brain structure exhibited by each.

Asszat,and L’Homme plante.

Julien Offray de La Mettrie – Wikiwand

He further expressed his radical beliefs by asserting himself as a determinist, dismissing the use of judges. Duke University Presschap. This was the idea which brought him the enmity of virtually all thinkers of the French Enlightenmentand a damnatio memoriae [7] which was lifted only a century later by Friedrich Albert Lange in his Geschichte des Materialismus.

Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Thank You for Your Iffray New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval.