Irving Rouse-The Tainos – Ebook download as PDF File .pdf) or read book online. Information on tainos. Drawing on archeological and ethno-historical evidence, Irving Rouse sketches a picture of the Tainos as they existed during the time of Columbus, contrasting. How to Cite: Delle, J.A., The Tainos: Rise and Decline of the People Who Greeted Columbus by Irving Rouse, Yale University Press, New Haven.

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The flint tools that were recovered were similar to those represented in the Couri group, but the ground-stone artifacts were more developed than their Couri predecessors. This epoch began irvinb roughly BC and included 10 ethnic series: He was promoted to associate curator and research associate A review of this publication outlines the general technique Rouse believed would be most useful in studying migrations. This event sparked a lifelong interest in identifying migrations of people and understanding the reason for migrations of human populations.

This page was last edited on 11 Mayat Artifacts came in the form of the aforementioned pottery sherds, flint tools, ground-stone artifacts, and shell artifacts.

He suspected the Couri groups were semi-nomadic and band-like in structure due to the small, shallow nature of the sites excavated.

Social organization would have been well developed and similar to that of historical times. Social organization would have been similar to Meillac roude social structure, with people living houses grouped into villages. Irving and Mary had two sons, David and Peter. The third epoch, the Neo-Indian epoch, was characterized by the sufficient development of agriculture as a means to replace hunting as the principle mean of subsistence.

There also appears to be evidence of a very early stage of the worship of zemisHaitian historical deities, although this concept would have been in the early stages of development. The end product of analytic classification is the ” mode “, which is produced by creating a series of classes representing different features of the artifact. Walter Goldschmidt Richard N.

Casagrande Edward H. Benjamin Irving Rouse August 29, — February 24, was an American archaeologist on the faculty of Yale University best known for his work in the Greater and Lesser Antilles of the Caribbeanespecially in Haiti. Trade would have been prevalent based on the presence exotic pottery types. Thd, a “type” is made up of selected modes. tthe


A Study in Method Rouse identifies “objectives” as the building blocks of any archaeological research project, and the ultimate goal of any research project is the synthesis of a series of these objectives, which he defines as “the end-product of any particular segment in the procedure of culture-historical research. One particular type of cooking pottery that was popular in the region both in the Meillac and Carrier groups discussed below was the “pepper pot”, a vessel in which most of their prepared food was made.

In Rouse had a heart attack while on a project in Antigua, signaling the end to his fieldwork career. Thf, University of Chicago Press. Spicer Ernestine Friedl In douse volume Rouse discusses tainls population movements throughout the world, and discusses his view of the proper way to study prehistoric migrations.

It was through the information obtained from this project that Rouse developed a theory that different assemblages were not the result of different migrations a theory held by a mentor of his, Froelich Raineybut were instead the result of a single line of development.

This was the thf, which was fairly complex in social structure, that was first encountered by Old World explorers, most notably Christopher Columbus. As an undergraduate, he worked at the Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History cataloging archaeological specimens.

These flint daggers and knives are the only evidence present that might indicate warfare. Foster Charles Wagley Anthony F. Cruxent on a publication examining Venezuelan archaeology.

Rouse believed that the population of the Caribbean occurred in four migrations from mainland South America [22] The roouse migration came in what Rouse called the “lithic” age, irrving happened around years ago based on the dates of the earliest sites on the islands.

He notes, however, that there is no historical evidence for cannibalism.

Irving Rouse

Howells Wendell C. The most elaborate types of artifact were the cooking pots, which included pepper pots similar to those found at Meillac sites. Presidents of the American Anthropological Association. The Manicauroid series was the only ethnic series that fit in the Meso-Indian epoch. Most of the evidence about Couri culture comes in the form of material culturedefined by Rouse as concerning “standards observable in the irviny [sic] of the sites under study” [11] He observes sixteen “types” of artifacts defined here as “the set of standards to which the artifacts as a whole conform”, [12] mostly flintbut some ground stone and irvng artifacts as well.


There is evidence of a workshop for the manufacture of the axes in the area, however it appears that the flint objects were made elsewhere, indicating that there was probably some sort taijos trade system in place. These objects would have been made through either flaking, battering, or grinding techniques. The flint artifacts were similar in form to both the Couri and Meillac flint artifacts, while the ground-stone tools were similar to the Meillac ground-stone riuse.

Rouse believes that Carrier people spoke the Arawak language, and were sedentary agriculturalist who hunted small animals and shellfish and, like Meillac groups, cultivated manioc and corn, along with other wild vegetables.

From Wikipedia, the rouuse encyclopedia. Both shell objects are made from conch shellsand there is evidence of a well developed rousw design, as the pendant is decorated with parallel and zig-zagged bands.

They were not hunting the same type of big-game animals as the Paleo-Indians were, as that food source became extinct by the time the Meso-Indian epoch started.

The Tainos: Rise & Decline of the People who Greeted Columbus – Irving Rouse – Google Books

The second culture Rouse identifies is called the Meillac group. Each class represents a procedure or custom followed by the maker during the process of formation.

A Study in Methodthe second an application of these methods entitled Culture of the Ft. Wallace Joseph B. Rouse was a proponent of the cultural historical approach to archaeology, and in “The Strategy of Culture History”, [29] Rouse identifies and examines the goals of this approach. Modes, then, are a natural unit of cultural study, whereas types are an artificial unit created by the individual archaeologist.

Adams Francis L. Like with the Meillac groups, Rouse believes there may be evidence for cannibalism. These people were big game hunters.