The Second Concerning the Son. I. Since I have by the power of the Spirit sufficiently overthrown the subtleties and intricacies of the arguments, and already. The Fifth Theological Oration. On the Holy Spirit. I. Such then is the account of the Son, and in this manner He has escaped those who would stone Him, passing. Oration 1 · Oration 2 · Oration 3 · Oration 7 · Oration 8 · Oration 12 · Oration 16 · Oration 18 · Oration 21 · Oration 27 First Theological Oration Oration 28 Second.

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Patriarchal Cathedral of St.

Library of Christian ClassicsVol. His opponents claimed that “Father” names either an essence or an action and that, therefore, the Son is less than the Father as either difference or as effect.

This then is, though not really fact, a figure of speech. And Resurrection, because He raises up from hence, and brings to life again us, who were slain by sin.

St. Gregory the Theologian – Theological Orations

Iconographicallyhe is depicted as balding with a bushy white beard. Gregory of Nazianzus,” Diakonia He proceeded to reduce the argument from connumeration ad absurdum. Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download.

Further, he thought it impossible even to conceive the divine nature, in part because “the thick covering of the flesh” is an obstacle. For either holiness is something different from Him, and if so let some one tell me what it is conceived to be; or if it is the same, how is it not from the beginning, as if it were better for God to be at one time imperfect and apart from the Spirit?

Now if He were an Accident, He would be an Activity of God, for what else, or of whom else, could He be, for surely this is what most avoids composition? For in His character of the Word He was neither obedient nor disobedient.


A ray of the Sun flashing upon a wall and trembling with the movement of the moisture which the beam has taken up in mid air, and then, being checked by the hard body, has set up a strange quivering.

Gregory of Nazianzus

His resting among the Holy Hosts, and as it were loving to dwell among them, is His sitting and being enthroned; this, ggegory, from ourselves, for God rests nowhere as He does upon the Saints. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikisource. For what, says He, is the Will of My Father? Of the other titles, some are evidently names of His Authority, theologial of His Government of the world, and of this viewed under a twofold aspect, the one before the other in the Incarnation.

The cry of dereliction on the cross was not due to the withdrawal of either the Father or “his own Godhead,” but of his humanity representing us.

If it ceases, when will it cease and what then of the Son? That God is evil; that a sphere is square; that the past is present; that man is not a compound being. For to possess the disposition is not enough, just as it would not be enough for us, unless we also proved it by our acts; for action is the proof of disposition.

But since you hold so very close to the letter although you are contending against the letterpray take your demonstrations from this source. Taken together, orations represent one of the finest patristic presentations of the doctrine of the Holy Trinity. Will you then give up your contention against the Spirit, that He must be either altogether begotten, or else cannot be consubstantial, or be God; and admit from human examples the possibility of our position?

The relics are now enshrined in the Patriarchal Cathedral of St.


As Gregory’s works circulated throughout the empire they influenced theological thought. He is also one of only three men in the life of the Orthodox Church who have been officially designated “Theologian” by epithet, [5] the other two being St. An involuntary generation is a concept that does not fit the divine, but a voluntary generation would make the Son “a son of will” and, thus, not of the Father properly.

He described two epochal events in human history that he likened to earthquakes. For what marvel is it if God is greater than man? It must be reserved for certain occasions, for certain audiences, and certain limits must be observed.

St Gregory the Theologian: The First Theological Oration | Eclectic Orthodoxy

And therefore like a Tutor or Physician He partly removes and partly condones ancestral habits, conceding some little of what tended to pleasure, just as medical men do with their patients, that their medicine may be taken, being artfully blended with what is nice.

But if not, what will you say to the suggestion on the other side, that on your hypothesis the Son has been called the only God.

Since then we find here clearly both the Created and the Begetteth Me, the argument is simple. Nazianzus would agree that the uncreated and the created cannot share the same nature. In a word, there is nothing which presents a standing point to my mind in these illustrations from which to consider the Object which I am trying to represent to myself, unless one may indulgently accept one point of the image while rejecting the rest.

Aquinas In creation, we see that God exists as “the efficient and maintaining cause of all things.