Common Name(s): Common sea fan. Colony Form: Monoplanar fan to at least 1 m across. Axis: Cylindrical or slightly compressed in plane of fan on small. Description, classification, synonyms, distribution map and images of Gorgonia ventalina – Common sea fan. Gorgonia ventalina is a unique coral that grows in the shape of a fan and has a distinctive purple coloring, which is where it gained the common name purple.
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Conclusions were the limestone inner structure provides some of the base where other corals may attach to form more colonies.
Brusca and Brusca, Communication Channels tactile chemical Perception Channels tactile chemical Food Habits Gorgonia ventalina is carnivourous, feeding on zooplankton, especially at night. Restricted to the outer reefs and patch reefs to 30 m. Examples are cnidarians Phylum Cnidaria, jellyfish, anemones, and vemtalina. It often has small accessory fans growing out sideways from the main fan. There have been studies into the role that sea fans, including G. Many of the smaller branches are compressed in the plane of the fan, which distinguishes this species from the Venus sea fan Gorgonia flabellum.
Gorgonia ventalina is distributed in a clumped, non-random distribution on coral reefs. The fans can be large, 1.
As the polyp grows upward, the base’s margin also turns upward, forming a ventaliba called the epitheca, which contains daily growth bands. Synapomorphy of the Anthozoa. Linnaeus.
Recently, mortality has also been attributed to tumor growth. Connect with us Help us improve the site by taking our survey. The branches are round or slightly compressed in the plane of the fan.
You can continue searching for Gorgonia ventalina on one of these Web sites:. Druffel, August 5, ; Gotelli, April Vorgonia polyps of the G. Gorgonia ventalina can be up to cm tall and cm wide, with anastomose branches, which form uniplanar, reticulate, fan-shaped colonies.
You can continue searching for Gorgonia ventalina on one of these Web sites: It is the second largest ocean in the world after the Pacific Ocean.
Colin, Biogeographic Regions neotropical native atlantic ocean Habitat Gorgonia ventalina is distributed in a clumped, non-random distribution on coral reefs. Anthothelidae Erythropodium caribaeorum Antipatharia Antipathes caribbeana Antipathes pennacea Briareidae Briareum asbestinum Briareum species 1 Corallimorphs Ricordea florida General Views Mixed Communities Gorgoniidae Gorgonia flabellum Gorgonia mariae Gorgonia ventalina Iciligorgia schrammi Pseudopterogorgia acerosa Pseudopterogorgia americana Pseudopterogorgia bipinnata Pseudopterogorgia elisabethae Pseudopterogorgia rigida Pterogorgia anceps Pterogorgia citrina Pterogorgia guadalupensis Hydroida Dentitheca dendritica Plexauridae Eunicea calyculata Eunicea laciniata Eunicea laxispica Eunicea mammosa Eunicea pallida Eunicea venyalina Eunicea species 1 Eunicea succinea Eunicea tourneforti Muriceopsis bayeriana Muriceopsis flavida Plexaura flexuosa Plexaura homomalla Plexaurella species Plexaurella dichotoma Plexaurella grisea Plexaurella nutans Pseudoplexaura crucis Pseudoplexaura flagellosa Pseudoplexaura porosa Zoanthidae Palythoa caribbaeorum.
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Marine Species Identification Portal : Common sea fan – Gorgonia ventalina
Gorgonian corals reproduce asexually by cloning or fragmentation, with external fertilization. It is these individual polyps that form the sea fan. The greatest cause of mortality is the disattachment of a colony from the substrate, most likely by wave action and storms. Adam and Charles Black. The two large species of this genus, G. The outline of the colony is an interconnected network of thin branches which enclose irregular, triangular or rectangular spaces. In addition, the G. The Venus sea fan Gorgonia flabellum can be distinguished by the flattening of the branches.
Vwntalina Reef Invertebrates and Vejtalina. These compounds include octacoral.
Marine Ecology – Progress Series Both may exceed 1. Colonies are large, in a single plane, and fan shaped. The Wide-mesh sea fan Gorgonia mariae is much smaller up to 30 cm and the secondary branches do not always unite or interconnect, giving a widely meshed appearance.
Gorgonia ventalina Scientific classification Kingdom: This page was last edited on 31 Vnetalinaat Seashore life of Florida and the Carribbean. ADW ventzlina cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. Each polyp extends its eight tentacles to catch plankton drifting past on the current.
Because they depend on symbiotic photosynthetic algae, zooxanthellae, they cannot live where light does not penetrate. They are often difficult to distinguish. Classification Kingdom Animalia animals Animalia: Gorgonia ventalina is popularly collected for use in aqauriums and as souvenirs. Marine Invertebrates of Bermuda. The spicules are small and fusiform. Grigg, March Key Behaviors sessile colonial Communication and Perception In Anthozoans, specialized sensory organs are absent and nerves are arranged in nerve nets.
Many colonies are now suffering from diseases as shown in some of the photos here. However, it is not known if the growth of these organisms kills the sections or if they invade after the coral is already dead.
Cary, May 15, ; Colin, Its tissues contain symbiotic dinoflagellate Symbiodinium spp.