Georgius Gemistus Pletho’s Criticism of Plato and Aristotle. A DISSERTATION. SUBMITTED TO THE FACULTY. OF THE GRADUATE SCHOOL OF ARTS AND. PLETHO, GIORGIUS GEMISTUS(c. –) Giorgius Gemistus Pletho, the leading Byzantine scholar and philosopher of the fifteenth century, was born in. George Gemistus Plethon. retrieved. 9 October place of birth · Constantinople. 1 reference. imported from Wikimedia project · German Wikipedia.

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Kramer 23and Pletho includes these lines in his long excerpt in C and E. A closer examination of Plethon’s position in De Differentiis when compared to his position in his Summary reveals that those two positions are, in fact, consistent with one another and not with any Christian conception whatever. Ciriaco may have drawn on Plutarch Numa 18 f. Plrtho his famous tract “On the Differences between Plato and Aristotle,” he asserts the superiority of Platonism to Aristotelianism, and his Laws, inspired by Plato’s Laws and Republic, advocates a return to the polytheism of ancient Greece.

Plethon then marshals more arguments to show that Aristotle did not believe that God was the creator of the universe. Edited by Brigitte Tambrun-Krasker.

The autographs of Georgius Gemistus Pletho – Persée

His studies followed the usual pattern of Byzantine education, emphasizing the classical Greek heritage. The main sources are as follows: The sextern is in a slightly different style because it is a replacement copied from the original sequel to ff.

The neatly written codices look more like calligraphic copies than autographs of an aged author; but there are no apographic errors, rather a few small additions and alterations, the latter in one place effected by carefully pasting in bits of paper f.


As a secular scholar, Plethon was often not needed at the council.

Thank you for your feedback. For some reason, however, Migne reprinted Donatus’s Greek text rather than Chariander’s. However, Plethon can be forgiven his interpretation because there is textual evidence to support such a view. IV 31 see below on 51 7C.

In Constantinople, he had been a senator, and he continued to fulfil various public functions, such as being a judge, and was regularly consulted by rulers of Morea. These then, twelve altogether, are the principal doctrines concerning the gods, this universe, and our nature.

It also added Pletho’s name above the titles of several pieces in cod. The ideal calendar in the Laws is based on Plut. Grimani codex 72 also contained BC and other works of Pletho gemiistus preserved in Vind. Bessarion himself refers to it on f.

Category:Gemistus Pletho – Wikimedia Commons

The treatise of Timaeus Locrus, followed ff. Instead, at the invitation of some Florentine humanists he set up a temporary school to lecture on the difference between Plato and Aristotle. Theodora, reluctant to destroy the only copy of a work by such a distinguished scholar, turned it over to Gennadios. Pound was fascinated by the role that Plethon’s conversation must have had on Cosimo de Medici and his decision to acquire Greek manuscripts of Plato and Neoplatonic philosophers.

You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects gejistus covered. Sabbadini, ” Ciriaco gemietus e la sua descrizione autografa del Peloponneso,” Class ici. Plato remains true to the old Greek principle that nothing can be created out of nothing and, within the myth itself, his maker is not a creator in the strict sense” to be false.


These verses occur under Quintus’ name in cod. He rejected the concept of a brief reign of evil followed by perpetual happiness, and held ppletho the pletuo soul is reincarnated, directed by the gods into successive bodies to fulfill divine order.

Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Yet he had a significant, direct influence on the study of Plato in the Latin West. Moreover, he seemed to fear the Latinization of the Greeks, as for example in the possible suppression of Greek in favor of Latin in the ritual of the church.

In the last excerpt the founding of Carthage fifty years before the Trojan War must be from Appian Libyca 1 cf. This Summary was a summary of the Book of Laws.

Gemisrus of Athens, The Greek texts are translated into Latin by Albert Pellissier. The work contained that which shocked many and confirmed the suspicions of more than a few.

The first parenthetical designation refers to the edition in PG.

Category:Gemistus Pletho

Thames and Hudson,for additional information. Here, it was believed until recently, [7] Plethon met and influenced Cosimo de’ Medici to found a new Platonic Academywhich, under Marsilio Ficinowould proceed to translate into Latin all Plato’s works, the Enneads of Plotinusand various other Neoplatonist works. Morgan Comes to Tea”. Both the second ranking and the third ranking gods are in it.

The Last of the Hellenes.