8 Results The Mithraic Liturgy, Clergy and Devotees by Franz Cumont (). The Mysteries of Mithra by Franz Cumont (). CUMONT, FRANZ. Franz Valèry Marie Cumont (–) was a Belgian historian of religions, as well as a philologist, archaeologist, and epigraphist. Oriental Religions in Roman Paganism, by Franz Cumont, at

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In the Royal Library, Brussels, observed the fiftieth anniversary of Cumont’s death appropriately, with a colloquium on syncretism in the Mediterranean world of Antiquity.

The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Cumont’s international credentials were brilliant, but his public circumspection was not enough.

Franz Cumont (Cumont, Franz, ) | The Online Books Page

Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met. He became professor of classical philology and ancient history at the University of Ghent ina position he left in when the minister of education, supported by the Catholic lobby, denied him the chair of Roman history. I, the Conclusions in which be interpreted the great mass of evidence contained in the remainder of the work.

If this formulation of pagan doctrine surprises those who have been told that paganism was “a fashion rather than a faith,” and are accustomed to think of it in terms of Jupiter and Juno, Venus and Mars, and the other empty, cold, and formalized deities that have so long filled literature and art, it will be because they have failed to take into account that between Augustus and Constantine three hundred years elapsed, and are unfamiliar with the very natural fact that during all that long period the character of paganism was gradually undergoing change and growth.

Cumont emphasizes framz multiethnic character of the Roman Empirewhere the acculturative power of the religious practices was very strong. Cumont passed through the two world wars without fighting, rranz he tried to maintain intellectual activity as vumont sign of cultural resistance.

Cumont bequeathed his archive and rich library, in which the history of religions and the sciences were especially well represented, to the Belgian Academy in Rome. Cumont, to neo-Platonism, which attempted the reconciliation of the antiquated religions with the advanced moral and intellectual ideas of its own time by spiritual interpretation of outgrown cult stories and cult practices.


Such a dream, which the future may perhaps realize, would offer a pretty accurate picture of the religious chaos in which the ancient world was struggling before the reign of Constantine.

Nor did Christianity stop there. The northern Iranians referred….

AmazonGlobal Ship Orders Internationally. Cumont also encouraged the Belgian excavations in Apamea.

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In the fourth editionCumont added a chapter on the Dionysiac mysteries. Christianity was not a sudden and miraculous transformation, but a composite of slow and cukont growth.

Amazon Music Stream millions of songs. His perseverance in the accurate collection of material is equalled only by his power to see the real nature and effect of the religions of which he writes.

The aim was to collect information about astrological manuscripts conserved in major European libraries. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the article. Cumont examines how Greek myths — such as the stories of Phaeton, Marsyas, or the Muses — cumojt to be used, through philosophical interpretation, as themes for the decoration of the sarcophagi of the upper classes.

Brussels, city, capital of Belgium. It had out of its own strength laid out the ways by which it dranz to lose itself in the cimont of Christianity, and to recognize this does not mean to minimize the significance of Christianity. Cumont and his companion ancient Orientalists are but one brigade engaged in the modern campaign for the liberation of religious thought. Low to High Price: Popularity Popularity Featured Price: Cumont is therefore a contributor to our appreciation of the continuity of history.

This belief, owing to Pythagorean, Platonic, and Stoic influences, gradually spread from the cultivated elite to the common people, although frqnz this point the soul was still not conceived as nonmaterial; rather, it was believed to be a subtle fluid or vapor. His point of view was obviously that frazn a classicist who did not always have firsthand knowledge of the different aspects of the “Orient. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Cumont is an ideal contributor to knowledge in his chosen field. But it is no less necessary to realize, in the second place, that, had there not cjmont an essential solidarity of all these different faiths, the triumph of Christianity would have been achieved with much less difficulty and in much less time. These documents offer a rich and complex picture of the scientific, cultural, and political background of Cumont’s period and activity, and of the scholarly “cartography” of his time.


The “Oriental cults” were in fact more “Greco-Oriental” — they passed first from Asia to Greece, where they were deeply Hellenized, and then from Greece to Rome. He noted in Textes et monuments I, p.

Franz Cumont

You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. When in that year the Belgian minister of education, a member of the Catholic party and a supporter of the church, refused to appoint him to the chair of history of religions, Cumont, a man of independent means, left Belgium for Paris and then Rome, where he devoted the rest of his life to intensive study of the religions of imperial Rome.

Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. The vitalization of the evidence regarding these cults is M. InFranz Cumont donated his library and papers to the Academia Belgica in Romewhere they are accessible to researchers.

Well handled, it may become a powerful instrument to expedite progress. What his book The Mysteries of Mithra is to his special knowledge of Mithraism, The Oriental Religions is to his knowledge of the whole field.

A second and more vital cause, however, wrought to bring about the same result. His studies are therefore not concerned alone with paganism, nor alone with the religions of the ancient past; in common with the labors of students of modern religion, they touch our own faith and our own times, and are in vital relation with our philosophy of living, and consequently with our highest welfare. This article includes a list of referencesrelated reading or external linksbut its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations.

Contact our editors with your feedback. He retired inand in he decided to live in Rome and Paris as a private scholar, rejecting offers of several academic positions.