Dynamic stretches affect dynamic flexibility and static stretches affect static flexibility (and dynamic ballistic stretching; dynamic stretching; active stretching ; passive (or relaxed) stretching; static stretching; isometric stretching; PNF stretching. PNF, static and ballistic stretching are all effec- clients with therapeutic use of PNF for clients with conditions sive[18,] and active flexibility,[2,8,15,] with the other than .. neuromuscular facilitation stretch techniques on trained and. Sady SP, Wortman M, Blanke D: Flexibility training: ballistic, static or proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation? Arch Phys Med Rehabil, –,

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The single arithmetic mean of these three measurements was used.

Flexibility training: ballistic, static or proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation?

Nevertheless, in the following session, when the pre-stretching measurement of the KAE was performed, a decrease of the MAB was observed concerning the post-stretching measurement of the previous session, characterizing thus, a loss in the immediate gain. An example of proprioeptive a partner to provide resistance would be having a partner hold your leg up high and keep it there while you attempt to force your leg back down to the ground.

Relaxed stretching is also very good for “cooling down” after a workout and helps reduce post-workout flexibilith fatigue, and soreness.

The study was the blind type, since the researcher who measured the flexibility did not know to which group the evaluated volunteer belong. As explained previously see pdoprioceptive How Isometric Stretching Worksit helps to train the stretch receptors of the muscle spindle to immediately accommodate a greater muscle length.

The maneuvers and the verbal commands were previously standardized between the two researchers responsible for the stretching protocol.


The intervention was conducted in a rotation system with two other researchers who oriented the volunteer not to reveal the number of stretching maneuvers she was being submitted to. Moreover, this study’s sample was relatively young, mean age Nonetheless, the frequency understanding in passive stretching should not be simply applied to techniques which use PNF.

The loss of the immediate effect was confirmed in other studies in the shoulder musculature 25 and hamstrings Muscular tixotrophy is the result of an increase in the number of steady ligations between the actin and myosin when the muscle is relaxing. Stretching exercises may be used in the sports and therapeutic environment in order to gain MAB. Comparison of four clinical tests for assessing hamstring muscle length.

Flexibility: static, ballistic, PNF & dynamic by sarah mcloughlin on Prezi

Q J Propriocwptive Physiol. The different types of stretching are: Stretching techniques are one of the most used devices in rehabilitation practice. Assume the position of a passive stretch for the desired muscle. It is very risky, and is successfully used only by the most advanced of athletes and dancers that have managed to achieve a high level of control over their muscle stretch reflex see section The Stretch Reflex.

Flexibility training: ballistic, static or proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation?

Dynamic Stretching Active Stretching: Go to the previousnext chapter. Static Stretching Isometric Stretching: Descriptive statistics was used to analyze the following data: Immediate effect of application of the pressure technique to the psoas major on lumbar lordosis Takahiro OtsudoKazuya MimuraKiyokazu Akasaka Journal of faciitation therapy science Influence of the stretching frequency using proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation in the flexibility of the hamstring muscles.


Thus, even with a significant loss of the tdaining immediate effect, the MAB increases every day of the protocol. However, the results of the present study show that, even with a considerable loss of the immediate effect, 24 hours after stretching there is still gain in breadth, hence, at each day, a residual breadth gain is incorporated.

Similarly, when a muscle is stretched, some of the fibers are elongated and some remain at rest see section What Happens When You Stretch. J Strength Cond Res.

Actually, the term PNF stretching is itself a misnomer. The therapist passively flexed the participant’s right hip up to her pain threshold, position in which discomfort in the hamstrings was reported. Isometric stretches also help to develop strength in the “tensed” muscles which helps to develop static-active fpexibilityand seems to decrease the amount of pain usually associated with stretching.

Then the muscle is relaxed while its antagonist immediately performs an isometric contraction that is held foexibility seconds. A universal goniometer was attached to the steady and mobile axes of the board in order to measure the extensor knee angle.

It was confirmed through a one-way ANOVA variance analysis in which session this accumulated gain became statistically significant concerning the initial measurement of the first day. At this point, according to SynerStretchwhen you isometrically contracted, some resting fibers would contract and some resting fibers would stretch.