On establishing universal peace in truth, justice, charity and liberty. To our venerable brothers the patriarchs, primates, archbishops, bishops and other local . Pacem in Terris, an encyclical written by Pope John XXIII. This is only a summary review. THE LIFE. Papa Giovanni XXIII Enciclica Pacem in Terris. BIRTH AND FIRST YEARS OF LIFE IN THE FAMILY · EDUCATION TO THE PRIESTHOOD.
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Its sovereign duty is to recognize the noble realm of freedom and protect paecm rights. As a further consequence of man’s nature, he has the right to the private ownership of property, including that of productive goods.
In this connection We think it opportune to point out how difficult it is to understand clearly the relation between the objective requirements of justice and concrete pacemm to define, that is, correctly to what degree and in what form doctrinal principles and directives must be applied in the given state of human society.
Now terdis order which prevails in human society is wholly incorporeal in nature. There is a common belief that under modern conditions peace cannot be assured except on the basis of an equal balance of armaments and that this factor is the probable cause of this stockpiling of armaments. For whatever God has made shows forth His infinite wisdom, and it is manifested more clearly in the things which have greater perfection.
And, as we know from experience, nations can be highly sensitive in matters in any way touching their dignity and honor; and with good reason.
Everyone must sincerely co-operate in the effort to banish fear and the anxious expectation of war from men’s minds. It should not happen that certain individuals or social groups derive special advantage from the fact that their rights have received preferential protection.
Need for Disarmament It is in keeping with their dignity as persons that human beings should take an active part in government, although the manner in which they share in it will depend on the level of development of the country to which they belong.
Pacem in Terris
On the one hand, the universal common good gives rise to problems of the utmost gravity, complexity and urgency—especially as regards the preservation of the security and peace of the whole world. And, as We Ourselves in the encyclical Mater et Magistra have strongly urged, it is by all means necessary that enciclixa great variety of organizations and intermediate groups be established which are capable of achieving a goal which an individual cannot effectively attain by himself.
Their object is not aggression, so they say—and there is no reason for disbelieving them—but to deter others from aggression. Moreover, even though the monstrous power of modern weapons does indeed act as a deterrent, there is reason to fear that pcem very testing of nuclear devices for war purposes can, if enciclicw, lead to serious danger for various forms of life on earth.
They must also repudiate any policy of domination. As everyone is well aware, there are some countries where there is an imbalance between the amount of arable land and the number of inhabitants; others where there is an imbalance between the richness of the resources and the instruments of agriculture available. But since by nature all men are equal in human dignity, it follows that no one may be coerced to perform interior acts.
Inspired by such principles, they attain to a better knowledge of the true God—a personal God transcending human nature. It must facilitate the formation of intermediate groups, so that the social life of the people may become more fruitful and less constrained.
Hence society must not only be well ordered, it must also provide men with abundant resources. We, for Our part, will not cease to pray God to bless these labors so that they may lead to fruitful results. Not content with this, they are demanding, too, the observance of constitutional procedures in the appointment of public authorities, and are insisting that they exercise their office within this constitutional framework.
But this general authority equipped with world-wide power and adequate means for achieving the universal common good cannot be imposed by force. And so it happens that, while the people of these countries are loaded with heavy burdens, other countries as a result are deprived of the collaboration they need in order to make economic and social progress.
terrris In order that human society may reflect as Faithfully as possible the Kingdom of God, help from on high is absolutely necessary. Once again We exhort Our children to take an active part in public etrris, and to contribute towards the attainment of the common good of the entire human family as well as to that of their own country.
But that does not entitle them to exert unjust political domination over other nations. We desire to call attention to the fact that scientific competency, technical capacity and professional experience, although necessary, are not of themselves sufficient to elevate the relationships of society to an order that is genuinely human: Thou hast put all under his dominion.
Pacem in Terris – Viquipèdia, l’enciclopèdia lliure
And finally, each country’s social progress, order, security and peace are necessarily linked with the social progress, order, security and peace of every other country. There may be, and sometimes is, a clash of interests among States, each striving for its own development. There are indeed some people who, in their generosity of spirit, burn with a desire to institute wholesale reforms whenever they come across situations which show scant regard for justice or are wholly out of keeping with pacdm claims.
Truth further demands an enviclica of unruffled impartiality in the use of the many aids to the promotion and spread of mutual understanding between nations which modern scientific progress has made available. This situation gives rise to serious problems. A man who has fallen into error does not cease to be a man. They have also the right to give the societies of which they are members the form they consider most suitable for the aim they have in view, and to act within such societies on their own initiative and on their own responsibility in order to achieve their desired objectives.
Pacem In Terris
May He transform all men into witnesses of truth, justice and brotherly love. AAS 39 Again it is perfectly legitimate to make a clear distinction between a false philosophy of the nature, origin and purpose of men and the world, and economic, social, cultural, and political undertakings, even when such undertakings draw their origin and inspiration from that philosophy. In this situation, those who administer the government come into frequent contact with the citizens, and it is thus easier for them to learn what is really needed for the common good.
It must be an adjustment that is based on mutual trust, sincerity in negotiation, and the faithful fulfilment of obligations assumed. In times past, it seemed that the leaders of nations might be in a position to provide for the universal common good, either through normal diplomatic channels, or through top-level meetings, or through conventions or treaties by making use of methods and instruments suggested by natural law, the law of nations, or international law.
Pacem In Terris – Papal Encyclicals
He further emphasizes the importance of respect of human rights as an essential consequence of the Christian understanding of men and nuclear disarmament. From this, however, no justification is ever found for those who surpass the rest to subject others to their control in any way. There are many parts of the world where we find groupings of people of more or less different ethnic origin.
But fickleness of opinion often produces this error, that many think that the relationships between men and States can be governed by the same laws as the forces and irrational elements of the universe, whereas the laws governing them are of quite a different kind and are to be sought elsewhere, namely, where the Father of all things wrote them, that is, in the nature of man.