The Elephantine Papyri. Robert Hutto. Through the nineteenth century and into the beginning of the twentieth, a collection of papyri was found at and around a. The Elephantine papyri are written in Aramaic, the lingua franca of the Persian period from Asia Minor to Arabia and Upper. Egypt. In vocabulary, phraseology. One of the oldest collections of Jewish manuscripts, dating from the fifth century BCE, the Elephantine papyri were written by the Jewish community at.

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This document to the right describes a property purchased by Ananiah, twelve years after his marriage, from a Persian soldier named Bagazust and his wife, Ubil. Image of document in gallery below.

Papyrri was rare for a slave to be freed. This page was last edited on 1 Decemberat A multicultural couple marries, buys a house, raises kids.

Elephantine Papyri

The papyri have been grouped here by topic, such as marriage contract, real estate transaction, or e,ephantine agreement. Egyptian farmers discovered the archive of Ananiah and Tamut on Elephatine Island inwhile digging for fertilizer in the remains of ancient mud-brick houses.

Image of document is in gallery below.

Anat-Yahu is described as either the wife [12] or paredra, sacred consort [13] of Yahweh or as a hypostatized aspect of Yahweh. Drawn up thirty years after the preceding papyrus, this document is one of several that gradually transferred ownership of Ananiah and Tamut’s house to their daughter, Yehoishema, as payment elephqntine her dowry.


By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Retrieved from ” https: A very defective strip of papyrus with writing on both sides. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.

As such proximity might suggest, the Egyptians, Jews, and Persians in Elephantine all lived among one another. For his daughter Yehoishema’s dowry, Ananiah had transferred to her partial ownership of the house he shared with Tamut.

The welfare of my brothers may God [seek at all times]. There was a response of both governors Bagoas and Delaiah which gave the permission by decree to rebuild the temple written in the form of a memorandum: The first modern indications as to the existence of this community were revealed in papyri bought by Giovanni Belzoni.

After lying in a warehouse for more than 50 years, the papyri were shipped to the Egyptian Department of the Brooklyn Museum. The “Petition to Bagoas” Sayce-Cowley collection is a letter written in BCE to Bagoasthe Persian governor of Judea, appealing for assistance in rebuilding the Jewish temple in Elephantine, which had recently been badly damaged by an antisemitic rampage on the part of a segment of the Elephantine community.

The Elephantine Papyri

The community also appealed for aid to Sanballat Ia Samaritan potentate, and his sons Delaiah and Shelemiahas well as Johanan ben Eliashib.

Webarchive template wayback links Pages using citations with accessdate and no URL Commons category link from Wikidata. Although Tamut thereafter owned the apartment, Ananiah required that eldphantine her death it pass to their children, Palti and Yehoishema. Retrieved 3 December For seven days it shall not be seen among you.


There is evidence from excavations that the rebuilding and enlargement of the Khnum temple under Nectanebo II — took the place of the former temple of YHWH. University of California Press, You may say in Egypt Official excavation of the island commenced papyfiproviding an archaeological context for the fascinating details of daily life revealed in the archives. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

Elephantine papyri

The triumph of Elohim: Future children, however, would still be born slaves. It was at this time that scholars finally realized that “Wilbour had acquired the first Elephantine papyri”. The receipt demonstrates that friendly business relations continued between Egyptians and Jews in Elephantine after the expulsion of the Persians by pharaoh Amyrtaios of the 28th Dynasty. Retrieved 18 July The legal descriptions of the house preserve the names of Ananiah’s neighbors. Three years after purchasing the house from Bagazust and Ubil, Ananiah transferred ownership of an apartment within the now renovated house to his wife, Tamut.

Though some fragments on papyrus are much older, the largest number of papyri are written in Aramaicthe lingua franca of the Persian Empirepapyti document the Jewish community among soldiers stationed at Elephantine under Persian rule, — BCE.