Efecto Stroop. Estimated time to complete lab: 15 minutes. Background. When you first learned to tie your shoelaces, you needed to think. IN SERIAL VERBAL REACTIONS. J. Ridley Stroop[1] (). George Peabody College. First published in Journal of Experimental Psychology, 18, La mayoría de los investigadores interpretan que este patrón de resultados, conocido como efecto Stroop emocional, refleja una interferencia entre el.

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From their results they deduced the law of associative inhibition which is quoted by Klinep. If the problem continues, please let us know and we’ll try to help.

In the former experiment an interference was found which decreased rapidly with practice. Agressive Behavior24, Beck Depression Inventory Manual. The work was done under good daylight illumination.

Classics in the History of Psychology — Stroop ()

The colors were arranged so as to avoid any regularity of occurrence and so that each color would appear twice in each column and in each row, and that no color would immediately succeed itself in either column or row. En la parte inferior se presentan datos equivalentes cuando la valencia era diferente.

Explicar las instrucciones de la tarea y pedir al participante que lea las instrucciones adicionales por escrito en la pantalla del ordenador.

In the latter experiment the interference was overbalanced by the practice effect. An unexpected error occurred.

All subjects were seated so as to have good daylight illumination from the left side only. The relevant information must be separated from irrelevant information in the task; thus, the focus is placed on the ink color and not the word.


When the squares were shown, the participant spoke the name of the color. Every subject was given Dr. This change also made efectp possible to print the NC test in shades which more nearly match those in the NCWd test.

Stroop effect

Cognitive Psychology efdcto Emotional Disorders. This latter fact is also shown by the ratio of the difference between the halves of practice series to the first half. A study of the formation of habits. Brown Green Blue Green Storop 3: The tests will be known as “Reading color names where the color of the print and the word are different” RCNd ,[ 3 ] efecro “Reading color names printed in black” RCNb. The present problem grew out of experimental work in color naming and word reading conducted in Jesup Psychological Laboratory at George Peabody College For Teachers.

Studies show that if the individual is asked to point to the color square of the written color in this case, red they would present a delay. De esta manera intentamos maximizar y garantizar la importancia de las palabras para todos los participantes.

The difference in time for naming colors and reading color names has been variously explained.

Replication and extension of a priming methodology. Smith, and to Miss M.

It has been sometimes called Stroop asynchronyand has been explained by a reduced automatization when naming colors compared to reading words. The probability of a real increase in variability, however, is 24 to 1. Subliminal processing of emotional information wfecto anxiety and depression. Attention to anger-relevant and irrelevant stimuli following naturalistic insult.


It is called semantic interference since it is usually accepted that the relationship in meaning between ink color and word is at the root of the interference. The NC test was given the 3d and 12th days, just before and just after the real practice series, so that actual change in interference on the NCWd test might be known. In the study of interference theorythe most commonly used procedure has been similar to Stroop’s second experiment, in which subjects were tested on naming colors of incompatible words and of control patches.

Please recommend JoVE to your librarian. Efectivamente, la mayor diferencia entre el efecto Stroop Emocional mostrado por los participantes de alta vs. The third finding is that both semantic interference and facilitation disappear when the task consists of reading the word instead of naming the ink. The Stroop test has additionally been modified to include other sensory modalities and variables, [31] to study the effect of bilingualism[32] or to investigate the effect of emotions on interference.