Autonomous Biological Control of Dactylopius opuntiae (Hemiptera: Dactyliiopidae) in a Prickly Pear Plantation With Ecological Management. The cochineal scale insect, Dactylopius opuntiae (Cockerell), is a key pest of Opuntia spp. (Plantae: Cactaceae). It reduces the plants’ useful-life and affects. The presence of the Opuntia cochineal scale insect, Dactylopius opuntiae ( Cockerell) (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Dactylopiidae) is reported for the.

Author: Malmaran Kataxe
Country: Uruguay
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Environment
Published (Last): 5 February 2012
Pages: 21
PDF File Size: 3.15 Mb
ePub File Size: 2.68 Mb
ISBN: 579-9-89351-992-3
Downloads: 17918
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Gaktilar

The frequency distribution of the cochineal clusters had a high level of adjustment to a power function, suggesting the presence of population regulation processes.

Alydidae broad-headed dactykopius Coreidae squash bugs, leaf-footed bugs Hyocephalidae Rhopalidae scentless plant bugs Stenocephalidae. In order to identify signs of population regulation, we obtained histograms of the frequency distribution of the size of the clusters and determined if distribution is adjusted to a power function power law. Hemiptera of South America Scale insects.

Ichtiar Baru, pp. Dactylopius coccusthe true cochineal, is the species most commonly used today and historically, because it has a higher carminic acid content and yields a better quality pigment than its congeners. They share cactus host plants with various antsspidersthe larva of the snout moth Laetilia coccidivoraa brown lacewing Symherobius sp.

Aradidae flat bugs Termitaphididae termite bugs.

No insecticides have been used on this plantation sinceand local farmers believe that the presence of different species of insects limits the growth of the wild cochineal Dactylopius opuntiaeCockerellwhich is one of the main pests in this crop. Molecular phylogenetic studies of the genus suggest dactyopius D.

Urostylididae Acanthosomatidae shield bugs Tessaratomidae giant shield bugs and relatives Dinidoridae Cydnidae burrowing bugs Thaumastellidae Parastrachiidae Corimelaenidae includes ebony bugs Lestoniidae Phloeidae Scutelleridae jewel bugs or metallic shield bugs Plataspidae Pentatomidae stink bugs Canopidae Megarididae. The genus is now distributed throughout much of the world due to accidental and intentional introductions. Some species of Opuntiaor clones thereof, are fully or partially resistant to the scale.


Atlas of the scale insects of North America. Dactylopiidae and their cacti hosts Cactaceae: Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad It is likely that, under these conditions, the cochineal have established an autonomous control. Use of biodegradable products for the control of Dactylopius opuntiae Hemiptera: Articles with Spanish-language external links Webarchive template wayback links Articles with ‘species’ microformats.

Distribution Table Top of page The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Datasheet Dactylopius opuntiae prickly pear cochineal. Dactylopius opuntiae Cockerell Taxonomic placing: Cochineals live on cactus plants, especially prickly pears Opuntia spp.

Potential of terpenoids and mealybug extract to deter the establishment of Dactylopius opuntiae Hemiptera: Rulers of the Inca Empire stored supplies of the insects as a commodityas they were the only source of red dye for clothing and other textiles.

Host-plant affinities of two biotypes of Dactylopius dactylopus Homoptera: Dactylopiidae and identification of the symbiotic bacteria. The genus is native to the Americas, with some originating in South America and the others in North Americaincluding Mexico and the southwestern United States.

The Salasacas of Ecuador still use this process to color their textiles, particularly a red woolen garment worn by women around the shoulders, which each woman personalizes by choosing a different shade of red.

  CADDY 812M24 PDF

Enicocephaloidea Aenictopecheidae Enicocephalidae unique-headed bugs, gnat bugs. Adelgidae woolly conifer aphids Phylloxeridae phylloxerans. Titrimetric and polarographic determination of carminic acid and its quantification in cochineal Dactylopius coccus extracts. One is left crimson, one is soaked in lemon juice to turn it scarlet, and the third is rubbed with wood ashes to turn it purple.

Dactylopius – Wikipedia

Attacked cacti that are still alive after two years should be removed, and the cochineal-infested cladodes destroyed. Hebridae velvet water bugs. Leptopodomorpha Saldidae shore bugs Leptopodidae spiny shore bugs Omaniidae Aepophilidae. Environmental Entomology 39 4 Naucoridae creeping water bugs.

Valid Names Results

This process was studied in a prickly pear plantation Opuntia megacanthaandOpuntia ficus-indica located in central Mexico. Reproduccion de cochinilla Silvestre Dactylopius opuntiae Homoptera: First record of Dactylopius opuntiae Cockerell Hemiptera: The insect has been domesticated and is reared for its product.

Aphrophoridae Cercopidae Clastopteridae Epipygidae Machaerotidae. Aclerdidae Asterolecaniidae pit scales Beesoniidae beesoniids Carayonemidae carayonemids Cerococcidae ornate pit scales Coccidae soft scales Conchaspididae Dactylopiidae cochineals Diaspididae armored scales Eriococcidae felt scales Halimococcidae pupillarial palm scales Kermesidae Kerriidae lac scales Lecanodiaspididae false pit scales Margarodidae cottony cushion scales, giant coccids, ground pearls Micrococcidae Mediterranean scales Monophlebidae giant scales Ortheziidae ensign scales Phenacoleachiidae phenacoleachiids Phoenicococcidae palm scales Pseudococcidae mealybugs Putoidae giant mealybugs Stictococcidae stictococcids.

First record of Dactylopius opuntiae Cockerell Hemiptera: Pests of crops in Indonesia revised. Opuntia ficus-indica prickly pear ; Dactylopius opuntiae infesting a cladode.