Download Citation on ResearchGate | Content and Self-Knowledge | La these Pastist externalists (e.g., Boghossian ; Burge ) maintain that the past. Volume 17, Issue 1, Spring Philosophy of Mind. Paul A. Boghossian. Pages DOI: /philtopics Content and Self-Knowledge. Content and Self-Knowledge. Paul A. Boghossian University of Michigan. INTRODUCTION I. This paper argues that, given a certain apparently inevitable thesis.

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So he lacks knowledge of its content since knowledge requires truth. Sign in Create an account. Though if a reasonable suspicion arises, the default no longer applies.

Philosophical PapersNew York: Alison Gopnik – – Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 1: Environmental Implications are Empirical 2. Regarding asome reject the suggestion that even if p was known at t 1remembering boghosisan does not imply knowing it at t 2 Berneckerch.

That just means he has a false belief about the content of his first order thought. Premise a is seen as a platitude about memory though some deny this; see section 3. Self-knowledhe, there is independent reason to reject such comparative knowledge anyway see Owens ; There is a more recent incarnation of this sort of view, supported by the latest selfknowledge cognitive science Carruthers For more, see Fernandez as well as the entry on two-dimensional semantics. The externalist view of memory can come as a shock; however, it might enjoy some intuitive support Tye Sign in Create an account.

Content and Self-Knowledge in Philosophy of Mind

When first championing the memory argument, Boghossian noted the reply from relevant alternatives, yet maintained that the slow switch experiment still shows a conflict between EXT and SK. See the supplementary document, Variations on Slow Switchingfor more details.

The argument is this: Many works cited and further readings are found in the anthologies above: But for one, infallibility does not imply that the judgment is indubitable.


BeebeeBurge One concessive response is to reject EXT in light of the reductio, though as we saw in section 1, EXT has its own arguments to contend with. More discussion of the issue is found in the supplementary document, Variations on Slow-Switching.

Paul Boghossian, Content and self-knowledge – PhilPapers

Cambridge University Press, pp. Tom Stoneham – – Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 99 1: This view hypothesizes that possession of a non-empty kind concept requires the ability to ostend or demonstratively self-knowledgf instances of the kind by perceptual means Brewer ; a; b. The issue is that EXT seemingly implies that knowing about content requires knowing about the environment.

If S is warranted in believing p and warranted in believing that p entails qthen S is warranted in believing q or is able to be thus warranted. Alison Gopnik – – Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 1: And since the latter is empirical, so too would be the former, contra SK.

Externalism and Self-Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

In reply, some incompatibilists subversively suggest that switches do occur on a regular basis Ludlow b; Butler Externalism about Memory Let us now focus our attention on self-knowledgs second version of the slow switch argument, a.

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So has the skeptic escaped the self-undermining charge? For even though memory offers up a similar substitute bogyossian, it seems clear that Oscar fails to recall something about water.

A compatibilist might first grant that Oscar does not forget strictly speaking—after all, we can assume no neurological impairment has occurred in him. The interested reader is encouraged to visit the entry on self-knowledge for more. Moreover, since the skeptic thinks she cannot do so, he claims that the externalist lacks armchair self-knowledge.


Externalism and Self-Knowledge

For a response, see ch. If EXT is true, then in a slow switch Oscar cannot distinguish from the armchair a water content from a twin content.

Philosophical Topics 17 1: So it seems incorrect to say that 2 is something known. Some of these consist in lesser-known incompatibilism arguments. Find it on Scholar.

So the apriority of 1 is not guaranteed here, and the reductio seems in doubt. Such an inference, moreover, is often defined partly by the environmental object which normally prompts the inference, or in which the inference normally terminates Sellars The skeptic has a second line of reply conteng the self-undermining charge, which takes the form of a dilemma.

This claim about linguistic meaning is then extended to the content of mental representations for natural kinds like water, boghossiah for non-natural kinds like sofas where the latter are defined by social convention McGinnStichBurge ; ; But it is possible that our linguistic practices for crediting self-knowledge have mislead us about the psychological facts.

Many of the issues here turn on what kind of self-knowledge is allowed by EXT, and in particular, whether such knowledge is discriminating enough for justificatory purposes. Even so, there are two arguments in the literature suggesting that any externalist view of empty sel-knowledge must fail Boghossian ;SegalBesson Thus, even if it is known that you are currently self-knowledbe that water is scrumptious, EXT may preclude armchair knowledge that you believe this.