What is the Anti-Cybersquatting Consumer Protection Act of and does it prohibit The act provides a cause of action to a trademark holder when someone. What is cybersquatting? Cybersquatting is the act of purchasing a domain name that uses the names of existing businesses, which are usually trademarked. The Anticybersquatting Consumer Protection Act (“ACPA”)’ provides a cause of action for trademark owners against cybersquatters2, who regis- ter domain.

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Anticybersquahting Register Follow on Twitter Search. That is, provided the court does not find that the defendant “believed and had reasonable grounds to believe anticybersquathing the use of the domain name was a fair use or otherwise lawful. The Anticybersquatting Consumer Protection Act “ACPA” applies to any person who “registers, traffics in, or uses a domain name” prrotection is identical or confusingly similar to a distinctive mark, or that is dilutive of a famous mark, and who “has a bad faith intent to profit from that mark.

Share Facebook Twitter Linked In. It thus remains to be seen whether: Online consumers have a difficult time distinguishing a genuine site anticybersquatitng a pirate site, given that often the only indications of source and authenticity of the site, or the goods and services made available thereon, are the graphical interface on the site itself and the Internet address at which it resides.

This is no doubt due in part to the lack of guidance in the ACPA and its legislative history. Thus, a domain name initially registered legally can become illegal through bad faith actions which follow.

Statutory damages under the Anticybersquatting Consumer Protection Act

The final factor is whether defendant is making a “bona fide noncommercial or fair use of the mark on a site accessible under the domain name. In that particular case, the defendant registered intermatic.

If a violation of the ACPA is found, a court can “order the forfeiture or cancellation of the [offending] domain name or [its] transfer.

Similarly, the domain name address ”wwwcarpoint. If you aft like to learn how Lexology can drive your content marketing strategy forward, please email enquiries lexology.

Misspelling the Owner’s Mark Courts regularly find “typo” domains — domain names that misspell the owner’s mark — to be confusingly similar and thus to trigger liability under the ACPA. First Interstate Bank of Denver and premised protechion the Circuit Court’s determination that the ACPA is not part of the Lanham Act and therefore not included in the rule permitting secondary liability for trademark infringement enunciated in Inwood Labs v.


Existing legal remedies were insufficient to respond anticybesrquatting the problem of cybersquatting. Domain name system Online advertising United States federal intellectual property legislation United States federal computing legislation Consumer protection legislation Trademark legislation in law th United States Congress.

The court’s finding of bad faith rested in large part on its determination that plaintiff had offered to transfer the domain to defendant if it refunded certain lease consumed plaintiff had made which were at the heart of his dispute with defendant, as well as funds plaintiff claimed defendant improperly received from third parties.

This requires proof of defendant’s bad faith, even anticybfrsquatting he is not present before the court. In comparing the mark to the domain name, courts do not consider the generic top-level domain component of the domain name, such as the.

Anticybersquatting Consumer Protection Act

But if someone is operating a web site under another brand owner’s trademarksuch as a site called ”cocacola. Congress viewed the ptotection remedies available for trademark owners before the passage of the ACPA as “expensive and uncertain.

Cybersquatters register famous trademarks in bulk, but in most cases, do not post an active Web site.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Zuccarini, F3d 3d Cir. In its report on the ACPA, the Senate Judiciary Committee distilled the crucial elements of bad faith to mean an ” intent to trade on the goodwill of another’s mark.

There are also recent cases where there is no one to initiate legal action against because cybersquatters have given false or misleading contact information anticynersquatting the registration authority. In other words, there are no laws in any jurisdiction, national or otherwise, that explicitly prohibit the practice.

In in rem proceedings, the court’s remedial powers are limited to directing that the domain name at issue be forfeited, cancelled or transferred to the mark holder. See Sporty’s Farm L.

The defendant, in addition to this domain registration, also had registered approximately other domain names, many based on trademarks of well-known businesses, including deltaairlines. For example, existing law does not deal with cases where cybersquatters are warehousing domain names, essentially holding conxumer inventory of trademarks that he won’t use but intends to sell to the rightful owner at extortionate prices.

Domainers rely on type-in trafficwhich is when Internet surfers type in the domain name rather than using a search engine. Despite the problems it presents to trademark owners and consumers, cybersquatting, is not illegal per se.

A number of courts have addressed the retroactivity of the ACPA’s statutory damages provision. Nor do they consider a domain name’s path, such as the phrase “Kohler faucets” in the domain homedepot.


Three of prltection factors focus on potential legitimate uses by the defendant of the domain, the presence of which support a finding that defendant did not act in bad faith. Judicial review of a WIPO decision is de novo. Conversely, “the fact that a mark is not well-known may. Evidence of such registrations can be obtained consummer performing a reverse “who is” search.

Cybertelecom :: ACPA

The authors are aware of only one case that has found an ACPA violation but refused to award statutory damages for substantive reasons. Please contact customerservices lexology. The ACPA renders one liable to the owner of a trademark who, with “a bad faith intent to profit from that mark,” “registers, traffics in or uses a domain name” that is either identical or confusingly similar to a “distinctive” mark or is identical, confusingly similar or dilutive of a “famous mark.

Only “the domain name registrant or that registrant’s authorized licensee” can be held liable for such “use. Alternatively, for registrants whose identity is unknown, the mark holder must establish that he cannot locate the defendant both by sending notice to the address listed with the domain registrar, and by publishing notice of the lawsuit as directed by the court. Dispute looms over launch of.

Kicking squatters off your domain name: If you can establish each of these elements — that the defendant registered, trafficked in or used a mark identical or confusingly similar to a distinctive or famous mark with a bad faith intent to profit therefrom — you can use the ACPA to prevent the misuse of your mark in another’s domain.

Four of the statute’s nine factors evidence a bad faith intent to improperly profit from another’s mark. As long as the domain name is dropped within five days, the cybersquatter will recover all of his initial registration costs under current rates.

The actual amount awarded is fixed by the court in its discretion. The ACPA does not provide courts with any guidelines or criteria for determining when statutory damages are to be awarded, or how much should be awarded, other than the award should be “as the court considers just. For example, several years ago a small Canadian company with a single shareholder and a couple of dozen domain name s demanded that Umbro International, Inc.