gangguan pada hipofisis anterior atau pada gangguan pada sistem syaraf pusat Amenore sekunder juga bisa disebabkan oleh penyakit. Tetapi terbaik. Kehamilan adalah penyebab paling umum dari amenore sekunder. ikasi rhea sekunder • tidak adanya menstruasi selama lebih dari tiga siklus. Amenore Sekunder. Disusun Oleh: Woris Christoper I Dosen Pembimbing dr. Vidia Sari, Kepanitraan Klinik SMF Ilmu Kesehatan Wanita.

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Ovarian failure related to early onset menopause can cause secondary amenorrhea, and although the condition seuknder usually be treated, it is not always reversible. Studies show that women are most likely to sekknder amenorrhoea after 1 year of treatment with continuous OCP use. Although oral contraceptives can causes menses to return, oral contraceptives should not be the initial treatment as they can mask the underlying problem and allow other effects of the eating disorder, like osteoporosiscontinue to develop.

Gonadal, usually ovarian, abnormalities tend to be linked to elevated FSH levels or hypergonadotropic amenorrhoea. Furthermore, because the condition involves the inter workings of many different neurotransmitters, much research is still to be done on presenting hormonal treatment that would counteract the hormonal affects.


Sheehan syndromehyperprolactinaemiahaemochromatosis Other central regulatory: Journal of Applied Physiology. Cervical dysplasia Cervical incompetence Cervical polyp Cervicitis Female infertility Cervical stenosis Nabothian cyst. Breastfeeding is a common cause of secondary amenorrhoea, and often the condition lasts for over six months.

Vaginal atresiacryptomenorrhoeaimperforate hymen. When her ovaries no longer produce estrogen because of amenorrhoea, a woman is more likely to suffer rapid calcium loss, which in turn can lead to osteoporosis. Secondary amenorrhea is also caused by stress, extreme weight loss, or excessive exercise. Archived from the original on 4 January Looking at Hypothalamic amenorrhoea, studies have provided that the administration of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor Sekunxer might correct abnormalities of Functional Hypothalamic Amenorrhoea FHA related to the condition of stress-related amenorrhoea.


Adnexa Ovary Endometriosis of ovary Female infertility Anovulation Poor ovarian reserve Mittelschmerz Oophoritis Ovarian apoplexy Ovarian cyst Corpus luteum cyst Follicular sekjnder of ovary Theca lutein amenre Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome Ovarian torsion. The use of opiates such as heroin on a regular basis has also been known to cause amenorrhoea in longer term users. Female infertility Recurrent miscarriage. Outside the reproductive years, there is absence of menses during childhood and after menopause.

The social effects of amenorrhoea on a person vary significantly.

The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. In other words, it regulates the neuronal activity and expression of neuropeptide systems that promote GnRH release.

Asherman’s syndrome Dysfunctional uterine bleeding Endometrial hyperplasia Endometrial polyp Endometriosis Endometritis. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Extended cycle combined hormonal contraceptive Lactational amenorrhea. This page was sekundwr edited on 28 Novemberat British Journal of Sports Medicine. Recommencement of ovulation suggests a dependency on a whole network of neurotransmitters and hormones, altered in response to the initial triggers of secondary amenorrhoea.

Secondary amenorrhea’s most common and most amfnore diagnosable causes are pregnancythyroid diseaseand hyperprolactinemia. Young athletes are particularly vulnerable, although normal menses usually return with healthy body weight.

It may be caused by developmental problems, such as the congenital absence of the uterus, failure of the ovary to receive or maintain egg cellsor delay in pubertal development.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ginecologla y Obstetricia de Mexico. Sekunrer pregnancy sekundet is a common first step for diagnosis. Archived PDF from the original on Outflow tract abnormalities tend to be normogonadotropic and FSH levels are in the normal range.

Endometriosis of ovary Female infertility Anovulation Poor ovarian reserve Mittelschmerz Oophoritis Eskunder apoplexy Ovarian cyst Corpus luteum cyst Follicular cyst of ovary Theca lutein cyst Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome Ovarian torsion. If a uterus is present, outflow track obstruction may be to blame for primary amenorrhoea. Archived from the original on Patients who use and then cease using contraceptives like the combined oral contraceptive pill COCP may experience secondary amenorrhoea as a withdrawal symptom.


The ovary or gonad does not respond to pituitary stimulation.

Amenorrhea – Wikipedia

The term is derived from Greek: Polycystic ovary syndrome can cause secondary amenorrhea, although the link between the two is not well understood.

Vaginal bleeding Postcoital bleeding. Exercise amenorrhoea, related to physical exercisestress amenorrhoea, eating disorders and weight loss obesity, anorexia nervosaor bulimia Pituitary: It is defined as the absence of menses for three months in a woman with previously normal menstruation, or nine months for women with a history amenorr oligomenorrhoea.

Look up amenorrhea in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Amenorrhoea is often associated with anorexia nervosa and other eating disorders, which have their own effects.

Certain medications, particularly contraceptive medications, can induce amenorrhoea in a healthy woman. Dieting to the extreme”.

Reproductive disorders may be the only manifestation of undiagnosed celiac disease and most cases are not recognized. Bartholin’s cyst Kraurosis vulvae Vestibular papillomatosis Vulvitis Vulvodynia. Clinical gynecologic endocrinology and infertility. Chromosome testing is usually indicated in younger individuals with hypergonadotropic amenorrhoea. Signs Basal body temperature Cervical mucus Mittelschmerz. Generally, inadequate levels of FSH lead to inadequately stimulated ovaries which then fail to produce enough oestrogen to stimulate the endometrium uterine lininghence amenorrhoea.

Menstruation Follicular phase Ovulation Luteal phase.