Bobo doll experiment, groundbreaking study on aggression led by psychologist Albert Bandura that demonstrated that children are able to learn through the. Albert Bandura’s influential Bobo doll experiments reveal how children imitate TV violence and the behavior of others. In , children in APS Fellow Albert Bandura’s laboratory Faye notes that the Bobo doll experiments were also influential outside of the.

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Bandura found that the children exposed to the aggressive model were more likely to act in physically aggressive ways than those who were not exposed to the aggressive model. He was also named among the top albedt most eminent 20 th century psychologists by the Review of General Psychology. Although the study yielded similar results for both genders, it wlbert suggested at least some difference depending on the degree to which a behaviour is sex-typed—that is, viewed as more common of or appropriate for a specific gender.

Children have the opportunity to observe violent images and media through TV, film, online media, and video games. For example, the data suggest that males are somewhat more prone to imitate physical aggression—a highly masculine-typed behaviour—than are females, with male subjects reproducing more physical aggression than female subjects; there were, however, no differences in the imitation of verbal aggression, which is less sex-typed.

A natural experiment on film violence”. Direct and vicarious reduction of hostility. Experiments are the only means by which cause and effect can be established.

Bandura and Bobo

The data provide some evidence that the male model influenced the subjects’ behavior [p. This skews our minds bandkra believe that the world is a more dangerous place because we are only seeing what the media shows us.

GAM specifically focuses on how we develop aggressive attitudes from exposure to violent media depictions and how it relates to aggressive behavior.


Hypotheses were also advanced concerning the influence of the sex of model and sex of subjects on imitation. Subjects were divided into eight experimental groups of six subjects each and a control group consisting of 24 subjects. The second group observed the model being scolded for the aggressive actions. Don’t have time for it all now? Here was the exact opposite of what they had been taught their entire life.

This was done to build up frustration in the child. Half the experimental subjects were exposed to aggressive models and half were exposed to models that were subdued and nonaggressive in their behavior. The issues these researchers perceived were: The final behaviors studied were modes of aggression, shown by the subject, which were not direct imitations of the role-model’s behavior.

A link between learning theory and psychotherapy. The study conducted by Bandura and his colleagues involved 72 children aged between 3 to 6 years old. Each of the children were individually taken into a room and left to play with different toys and pictures while. There was a problem with your submission.

Relationship of family patterns to behavior disorders. If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. Regardless of the experimental group the child was in, after watching blbo film the child stayed in a room with many toys and a Bobo doll. Retrieved July 15, Green York University, Toronto, Ontario.

While the comparison of subgroups, when some of the over-all tests do not reach statistical significance, is likely to capitalize on chance differences, nevertheless the consistency of the findings adds support to the interpretation in terms of influence by the model. The symbolism of the Toy can bring out the Dark Side of some adults. When exposed to aggressive male models, the number of aggressive instances exhibited by boys averaged compared to An observer is more likely to imitate rewarded behavior and refrain from punished behavior.

This sequence of physically aggressive acts was repeated approximately three times, interspersed with verbally aggressive responses such as, “Sock him in the nose…,” “Hit him down Further comparison of treatment pairs reveals that the main source of the over-all difference was the aggressive and nonaggressive groups which differed significantly from each other Table 2with subjects exposed to the aggressive models displaying the greater amount of aggression.


A child is more likely to replicate and learn from the character they see on screen when they identify with their personality traits copycat violence and if that character receives punishment or not.

That is the measure of the performance and it supports the results of the experiments in An observer’s behavior can also be affected by the positive or negative consequences of a model’s behavior.

The Bobo Doll Experiment – Psychestudy

Following the exposure experience, therefore, the experimenter brought the subject to an anteroom that contained these relatively attractive toys: His Bobo-inspired social learning theory also contributed to the development of cognitive-behavioral therapy. In simple terms, we not only watch what other people do, but we also evaluate what happens consequences of the actions other people perform. The behaviour model was then taken to the opposite corner—which contained another table and chair, a mallet, a Tinkertoy set, and a 5-foot Bobo doll—and was told he or she could play with these materials.

Back to Overview “Social Psychology Experiments”.

The model then raised the Bobo doll, pick up the mallet and struck the doll on the head. The prediction that exposure of subjects to aggressive models increases the probability [p. He wanted to show, albery using aggressive and non-aggressive actors, that a child would tend to imitate and learn gandura the behavior of a trusted adult.

These findings are still debated about over 40 years later. Forty Studies that Changed Psychology 6th ed.