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Attacks on Civilians in Eastern Congo | HRW

Ce barrage fournissait de l’lectricit et de l’eau l’hpital et aux habitants de Lemera. President, if you lemerra agree with us that the unjustifiable destruction of this hospital was a big mistake, then why not rehabilitate it? The FDLR and its RUD-Urunana ally deposited letters and other notes for civilian populations before, during, and after attacks in which they explicitly warned people that they would be targeted or that further attacks would follow.


Human Rights Watch has received reports, including lists with names of victims, of an additional civilians allegedly killed by Congolese army soldiers and their allies in the area between Nyabiondo and Pinga, including 90 killed during Umoja Wetu and killed during Kimia II. The attacks in the area between Nyabiondo and Pinga were largely commanded by former CNDP officers operating under the command of the 2nd Operational Zone of North Kivu a designated military zone where operations were being conductedwhose headquarters was in Mushake Masisi territory.

In interviews with Human Rights Watch, two of these civilians detained at different times and locations described similar practices used. They were initially arrested in Goma by soldiers in Congolese army or police uniforms who later changed into Rwandan acord uniforms before transferring the detainees to Rwanda.

During operation Umoja Wetu, coalition forces burned at least 1, homes in 14 different villages in Lubero, Walikale, and Masisi territories of North Kivu. The various Mai Mai groups are estimated to have some 8, to 12, combatants. En violation des Conventions de Genve et des L’Hpital de Lemera tait jusqu’en autres dispositions du droit international, cet hpital a t dtruit en quand il a t utilis comme site Octobreun des grands hpitaux de la Rpublique Dmocratique du de lancement de la guerre qui a conduit le Prsident Laurent D.

The same thing happened in nearby Mwenga village Kalehe territory where 50 houses were burned on the xe day.


Research by Human Rights Watch found that Murwanashyaka, oemera well as several other FDLR leaders and commanders, should be investigated for ordering alleged war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by FDLR forces and as a matter of command responsibility.

He believed an additional 30 civilians may have been killed in accorc forests surrounding Ndorumo, but their bodies were never found. Bosco Ntaganda, a newly made general in accorrd Congolese army, was in effect deputy commander of operation Kimia II.

In some areas Congolese army soldiers acted like common dr to extort money. She was with the FDLR for four months before managing to escape:. In both of these cases, the detainees said that General James Kaberebe, the Chief of Defense staff of the Rwandan army, who played a leading role in Umoja Wetu, was present at the camp and gave the order to beat the detainees.

To deal with the continued threat of Rwandan Hutu militias across its border and to exercise influence in the fertile and mineral-rich North and South Kivu provinces, the Rwandan government has repeatedly backed Congolese rebel groups willing to fight the Hutu militias. Some of the killings were extraordinarily vicious.


Un rfugi zarois qui est arriv en Tanzanie la fin de l’anne a rapport ce tmoignage d’une attaque mene par des membres de l’Alliance des forces dmocratiques pour la libration du Congo-Zare AFDL: Since many victims are unable or unwilling to seek assistance at health centers, these figures are likely to represent only a fraction of the total.

The perceived leadership roles and preferential treatment given to former CNDP commanders has also led a number of former Mai Mai combatants, along with other disgruntled Congolese army soldiers, to abandon the Congolese army, or refuse to join the integration process. Et je suis avec vous pour que cette structure de sant puisse reprendre son activit.

Human Rights Watch has documentedthe deliberate killing of a further civilians between March and September More than half of the victims were women and children, and at least 10 percent were elderly. Many of the civilians were later beaten, raped, or disappeared.

“You Will Be Punished”

Others welcomed them and they ate together and didn’t realize it was the enemy because they spoke the same language. Human Rights Watch found that Congolese army forces repeatedly violated international human rights and humanitarian law. At Shalio Hill, Congolese army soldiers killed at least 50 refugees as they tried to flee. In two of the worst attacks during this phase of operations, 90 civilians were massacred in late February in the remote village of Ndorumo and a further 40 civilians were killed in the village of Byarenga.


In addition to killings and rapes, thousands of civilians have been abducted and pressed into forced labor to carry weapons, ammunition, or other baggage across the treacherous terrain by government forces and FDLR militia as they deploy from place to place.


The destruction of this hospital was extremely tragic and its rehabilitation could help alleviate some of the pain and suffering that victims of this corner of the country have suffered since its destruction. A rape counselor in South Kivu was herself raped in January acdord newly integrated CNDP combatants who accused her of denouncing them and reporting on the rapes.

While there were FDLR combatants deployed in these hills, all witnesses interviewed by Human Rights Watch reported that the FDLR combatants had fled in advance of the attacks and were not present in any of the makeshift refugee camps targeted by the Congolese army. L’hpital de Lemera, qui se trouve environ 85 kilomtresLe mouvement rebelle congolais alors AFDL sous les commandes de Kabila avait attaqu l’hpital de Lemera, tuant une dizaine des malades et infirmiers, brlants la quasi totalit des infrastructures et emportant tout les matriels.

Several local authorities, Congolese army commanders and others told Human Rights Watch that they believed the motivation for the attacks on civilians by former CNDP soldiers integrated into the Congolese army in the Nyabiondo-Pinga area is about control over land and the return of Congolese Tutsi refugees from Rwanda.

L’hpital de Lemera fut l’Hpital Gnral de Rfrence de la zone de sant rurale de Lemera, avec tout au tour de la zone gravitaient 27 centres et postes de sant accor aussi ont t endommags.

A directive delivered in Marchat lemerx start of operation Kimia IIwas particularly telling. Seventeen civilians, including eight children, were killed. In most locations where the FDLR or the Congolese army has attacked, houses have been looted, with over 9, homes and other structures destroyed, leaving already poor and xe people with nothing. Bosco Ntaganda and other commanders implicated in serious human rights violations remain in operational command.

She told Human Rights Watch that after they killed her son.